Alexandria Campaign on Adolescent Pregnancy
Home > Teens > ABC's of STD/STIs
Other languages: Lea esta página en Español

ABC's of STD/STIs

Updated on 10/4/2010 02:13:56 PM

STD/STI Signs/Symptoms Transmission Treatment Is It Curable? Complications
CHLAMYDIA
(also called "The Silent Epidemic")
Often NO symptoms Discharge from vagina, penis or rectum

Pain or burning during urination

Sore throat
Oral, vaginal or anal intercourse

Mother to fetus during birth
Antibiotics YES Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Infertility

Ectopic pregnancy

Infection of the epididymis
GONORRHEA
(also known as "Clap", "Drip")
Often NO symptoms

Discharge from vagina, penis, rectum

Pain or burning during urination

Vaginal bleeding between periods

Painful or swollen testicles

Sore throat
Oral, vaginal or anal intercourse

Mother to fetus during birth
Antibiotics YES Transmission to newborn, infertility/pelvic inflammatory disease, arthritis/heart disease, blindness
SYPHILIS Primary Stage:
Single sore (chancre) or multiple sores - firm, round, small, and painless

Secondary Stage:
Skin rash and mucous membrane lesions - rough, red, or reddish brown spots both on the palms of the hands and the bottoms of the feet

Late Stage:
No signs or symptoms, difficulty coordinating muscle movements, paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, and dementia
From person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore (found on the external genitals, vagina, anus, rectum, lips, or the mouth)

Oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse

Mother to fetus during pregnancy
Antibiotics YES, if caught early Complications with birth and transmission to newborn

Brain damage

Blindness

Death
HUMAN PAPILLOMA VIRUS
(also called "HPV", "warts")
Often NO Symptoms

Cauliflower shaped, soft, moist, pink, or flesh-colored swellings, usually in the genital area
Oral, vaginal or anal intercourse

Skin-to-skin contact
To remove warts: application of chemical solution, freezing, or surgical removal NO but may go away on it’s own. Outbreaks can be treated to lessen symptoms. The virus does stay in the body and an outbreak can occur at anytime. High-risk types of HPV - cancer of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, or penis
HERPES
(oral and genital)
May have no symptoms or mild symptoms (sores mistaken for bug bite)

Blistery sores on lips, mouth, genitals

Flu-like symptoms
Oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse

Skin-to-Skin contact

Mother to fetus during birth
To reduce symptoms or outbreaks, antiviral medications may be taken. NO, but antiviral medication can reduce symptoms and outbreaks. The virus stays in the body and an outbreak can occur at anytime. Fatal infection in newborns

Psychologocial distress

Susceptibility to HIV
HEPATITIS B Flu-like symptoms that do not go away

Dark urine

Jaundice

Or, NO symptoms
Oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse

Sharing needles

Contact with blood of infected person

Mother to fetus during birth
Antiviral medication for chronically infected NO, but it can be prevented by vaccine Cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and liver failure

Chronic infection
HIV Often NO symptoms

Flu-like symptoms that don't go away

Weight loss

Fever

Diarrhea

White spots in mouth
Oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse

Sharing of needles

Contact with blood of infected person

Mother to fetus during pregnancy, birth, or during breastfeeding
Combination of medications called "cocktails" NO AIDS

Opportunistic infections

Death
PUBIC LICE
(also called "crabs")
Intense itching due to lice bites

Tiny, gray insects crawling in hair
Oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse

Skin-to-Skin contact

Contact with body hair Exposure to infected bedding, clothing, or towels
Medication; plus cleaning of exposed clothing, towels or bedding. YES Highly contagious
TRICHOMONIASIS
(also known as “trich”)
Often NO symptoms for males

For females: frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor, burning during intercourse and urination, and/or irritation and itching in genital area

For males: irritation inside penis, a mild discharge, or slight burning after urination or ejaculation
Vaginal intercourse

Vulva-to-vulva contact between two women
Antibiotics (for both partners) YES Pregnant women may experience pregnancy related complications including low-birth weight or early delivery

Re-infection can occur

Increased risk for HIV infection
SCABIES Itching in infected area

Small bumps or rashes that appear in dirty-looking, small curling lines, especially on the penis, between the fingers, on buttocks, breasts, wrists, thighs, and around the navel
Close contact with infected person

Contact with infested bedding, clothing and furniture
Prescription medication such as Kwell or Scabene

All bedding, towels, and clothing should be thoroughly washed or dry cleaned, and the home should be thoroughly vacuumed
YES Highly contagious